This limestone relief was originally a portion of an architectural facade. It depicts five Buddha figures seated in a cross-legged position. They sit within delicately carved prangs, with smooth and small curves present throughout. Prang architecture is characterized by intricate detailing with a conical tapering tower, as echoed in this relief.
In this example, there is a piece missing from the top of one prang and signs of weathering along the back and sides. There is a script along the bottom which is unidentified due to weathering, age, and a lack of linguistic knowledge. The face of the relief has been smoothed, creating fine details along the figures and the structures and helping separate the relief from the base rock. Limestone is well suited to be smoothed as it is a soft rock that is easy to sand.
The stone for this relief likely came from limestone karsts in Southeast Asia. These limestone deposits were formed from the sedimentation of microorganisms within warm seas during the Paleozoic era. Due to tectonic activity, terranes were formed from an accretionary wedge, suturing these limestone deposits together.